A Deeper Dive intoArtichoke Nutrition

When it comes to nutrition, no one can outsmart Mother Nature. Artichokes, with their beautiful packaging and exquisite taste, offer a unique nutritional inventory.

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Gut Health

  • Gut health has become one of the most wide-sweeping 'Health and Wellness' interests. One reason is that it resonates with consumers of almost every age from expectant mothers and moms of young children to young adults and baby boomers.
  • The International Scientific Association of Probiotics and Prebiotics defines a prebiotic as "a selectively fermented ingredient that results in specific changes in the composition and/or activity of the gastrointestinal microbiota, thus conferring benefits upon host health."
  • Studies have shown that prebiotics such as inulin can increase the proportion of Bifidobacteria. This probiotic is associated with improved health by inhibiting the growth of pathogenic bacteria, strengthening the immune system and restoring the gut microbiota.1
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Improves Symptoms of IBS

  • Artichokes have long been used as a digestive aid to reduce bloating, abdominal pain and cramps, as well as reducing both diarrhea and constipation through normalization of GI mobility.2
  • Extracts from artichoke leaves have also been used to reduce IBS symptoms and evaluated in at least two clinical studies.3,4 Both trials reported significant improvements in IBS symptoms, specifically in normalizing GI mobility and reducing bloating as well as relieving distension and abdominal pain and cramps.5
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Healthy Body Weight

  • People who incorporate more fiber into their meals generally report feeling more satiated and eat less. However, the prebiotic inulin appears to have additional benefits in terms of healthier body weight.
  • Researchers found that when daily prebiotic consumption occurred, benefits included reduced appetite, lowered body weight/fat mass, and improved glucose tolerance.6
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Healthy Blood Sugar

  • Often referred to as "good bacteria", probiotics are similar to the bacteria found naturally in the body; prebiotics such as the inulin in artichokes stimulate the growth and health of these beneficial bacteria.
  • In a recent review study, researchers concluded that probiotics (such as yogurt) can help reduce inflammation, increase insulin sensitivity and reduce autoimmune response.
  • Specifically, in a double-blinded clinical study, people with type 2 diabetes experienced reduced fasting glucose and HBA1c levels after consuming one yogurt daily for six weeks.
  • Scientists believe that healthy gut bacteria may play a role in reducing the risk of insulin resistance, which leads to type 2 diabetes.

1 Kolida S, Givbon GR. Prebiotic capacity of inulin-type fructans. J Nutrition 2007:137(11) 2503S2506S

2 World J Gastroenterol 2014 Jan 14, 20(2):346-362 doi:

3 Aliment Pharmacol The. 2003 Dec: 18(11-12): 1099-105
Efficacy of artichoke leaf extract I the treatment of patients with functional dyspepsia: a six-week placebo-controlled, double-blind, multicenter trial
Hollmann G1, Adam B, Haag S, Collet W, Grunewald E, Windeck T.
The Artichoke Leaf Extract preparation tested was significantly better than the placebo, I alleviating and improving the disease-specific quality of life in patients with functional dyspepsia.

4 J Altern Complement Med. 2004 Aug, 10(4):667-9. Artichoke leaf extract reduces sypmtoms of irritable bowel syndrome and improves quality of life in otherwise healthy volunteers suffering from concomitant dyspepsia: a subset analysis. Bund R1, Walker AF, Middleton RW, Marakis G, Booth JC.

5 World K Gastroenterol. 2014 Jan 14; 20(2): 346 – 362. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v20.i2.346 Epub Complementary and alternative medicines in irritable bowel syndrome: An integrative view Oliver Grundmann and Saunjoo L Yoon.

6 Binns N. International Life Sciences Institute. Probiotics, Prebiotics and the Gut Microbiota. http://www.ilsi.org/Europe/Publications/Prebiotics-Probiotics.pdf. Accessed September 18, 2015. Published 2013.

7 Gomes AC, et al. Gut microbiota, probiotics and diabetes. Nutrition Journal. 2014:13:60.

8 Gomes AC, et al. Gut microbiota, probiotics and diabetes. Nutrition Journal. 2014:13:60.

9 Brown-Riggs, C. The Gut Microbiota. Today's Dietitian. November 2014:22-25.